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According to the author, there are two types of virtues namely intellectual and moral virtues. Aristotle comprehends that people are born with the potential for moral virtuousness and this is enhanced by constant practice. Therefore, ethical virtues are gained by habituation since we have the ability to cultivate and nurture them. For Aristotle, a good government should help its citizens to habituate virtuous acts and make them proper to every occasion Bartlewtt and Collins Looking for essay on ethics?

Let's see if we can help you! Additionally, he laments that education can play vital role in making people take pleasure in good acts. Arguably, Aristotle declines the assumption that virtues and vices are feelings. He comments that the aspects are acquired through deliberate choices since they are natural.

Aristotle's Ethics: Critical Essays (Critical Essays on the Classics) (Paperback)

He suggest that though ethical virtues are determined by actions and feelings people should try to have the right feeling to act for the right purpose. Still on the argument, Aristotle identifies a crucial distinction between acting virtuously and being virtuous.


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He argues that one can only become virtuous after learning to behave virtuously Pakaluk However, he claims that since circumstances vary, there is no distinct rule to follow while exercising virtuousness. Instead, one can develop a mean policy between two extremes where one is excess and the other is scarce. Aristotle's teachings spread through the Mediterranean and the Middle East, where some early Islamic regimes allowed rational philosophical descriptions of the natural world.

Alfarabi was a major influence in all medieval philosophy and wrote many works which included attempts to reconcile the ethical and political writings of Plato and Aristotle. Later Avicenna , and later still Averroes , were Islamic philosophers who commented on Aristotle as well as writing their own philosophy in Arabic. Averroes, a European Muslim, was particularly influential in turn upon European Christian philosophers, theologians and political thinkers.

In the twelfth century, Latin translations of Aristotle's works were made, enabling the Dominican priest Albert the Great and his pupil Thomas Aquinas to synthesize Aristotle's philosophy with Christian theology. Later the medieval church scholasticism in Western Europe insisted on Thomist views and suppressed non-Aristotelian metaphysics.

Aquinas' writings are full of references to Aristotle, and he wrote a commentary on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Aquinas also departed from Aristotle in certain respects. In particular, his Summa Theologica argued that Eudaimonia or human flourishing was held to be a temporary goal for this life, but perfect happiness as the ultimate goal could only be attained in the next life by the virtuous. Aquinas also added new theological virtues to Aristotle's system: faith, hope and charity. And supernatural assistance could help people to achieve virtue.

Nevertheless, much of Aristotle's ethical thought remained intact in Aquinas. In modern times, Aristotle's writings on ethics remain among the most influential in his broad corpus, along with The Rhetoric, and The Poetics, while his scientific writings tend to be viewed as of more strictly historical interest. Modern science develops theories about the physical world based on experiments and careful observation—in particular, on the basis of exact measurements of time and distance. Aristotle, on the other hand, bases his science largely on qualitative and non-experimental observation.

Accordingly, he made some inaccurate claims which have been overturned—such as the claim that objects of different mass accelerate at different rates due to gravity. On the other hand, The Nicomachean Ethics continues to be relevant to philosophers today. In fact, virtue ethics takes its inspiration from Aristotle's approach to ethics—in particular, sharing his emphasis on character excellence, and ethical psychology. Some philosophers, in particular Bernard Williams, regard Aristotle's ethics as superior to the Utilitarian and Kantian traditions, which have come to be the dominant approaches to philosophical ethics.

Aristotle's well-known function argument is less commonly accepted today, since he seems to use it in order to develop a claim about human perfection from an observation from what is distinctive about man. But the exact role of the function argument in Aristotle's ethical theory is itself a matter of dispute.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: University of Magnaura. Generally agreed to be spurious. Irwin, Introduction. Hackett Publishing Company Indianapolis: xv. Also see Burger Rorty pp. Also see MM. Studies Bambrough, Renford The Philosophy of Aristotle. New York: Peguin Group. Bostock, David Aristotle's Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. Broadie, Sarah Ethics with Aristotle. Burger, Ronna University of Chicago Press. Cooper, John M. Reason and Human Good in Aristotle.

Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Hardie, W.

Aristotle's Ethical Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hughes, Gerald J. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethics. London: Routledge. Kraut, Richard Aristotle on the Human Good. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Kraut, ed. Oxford: Blackwell. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list link May, Hope London: Continuum.

More Ethics Paper Examples

Pakaluk, Michael Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics: An Introduction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Rorty, ed. Essays on Aristotle's Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list link Reeve, C. Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.

1. Preliminaries

Sartre and the existentialists say that existence precedes essence; the good starts from human subjectivity rather than from known virtues. Nichomachean Ethics is a critically acclaimed piece of literature that has laid the framework for philosophy as we know it today. It is considered to be a historical piece that was the first to address ethics in a unified, clear, and concise manner.

The book was translated by F. Peters with an introduction by Hye-Kyung Kim. Aristotle focused on the peoples actions whether good or bad, as well as their character, not there right or wrong actions. Immanuel Kant branches of philosophy included contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics. Kant's deontological ethics, a duty based ethics.

His focus is on rational will and a conception of. Here, happiness is understood as both living well and doing well, rather than the convention sense of happiness as an emotion. According to Aristotle, happiness is achieved though actions involving reason and in accord with virtue, or the best of the virtues of there are more than one.

In this paper, I will provide a brief overview of the. Next on my list, I would put art. It allows an inner, more down-to-earth part of me to be expressed that cannot be done in words.

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Essays on Aristotle's Ethics - Google книги

All these things are actions and they define who I am. Without them I don't know what I would do. In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics there is emphasis on the importance of action. From action of life, friendship, and happiness which are voluntary actions , to action of reason which is a rational faculty of the mind , we could not exist without action.